DarrienG / firewalld

Firewall daemon with D-Bus interface

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README for firewalld
====================

firewalld provides a dynamically managed firewall with support for network or 
firewall zones to define the trust level of network connections or interfaces. 
It has support for IPv4, IPv6 firewall settings and for ethernet bridges and a 
separation of runtime and permanent configuration options. It also provides an 
interface for services or applications to add ip*tables and ebtables rules 
directly. 


Development
-----------
To check out the source repository, you can use:

  git clone https://github.com/firewalld/firewalld.git

This will create a local copy of the repository.

Language Translations
---------------------
Firewalld uses GNU gettext for localization support. Translations can be done
using Fedora's Weblate instance [1]. Translations are periodically merged into
the main firewalld repository.

[1] https://translate.stg.fedoraproject.org/projects/firewalld/

Dependencies
------------
These are the runtime dependencies:

  linux >= 5.3
  python3-dbus
  python3-gobject
  python3-nftables >= 0.9.4

Note: python2 is _not_ supported.

Optional Dependencies
---------------------
These dependencies may enhance firewalld's functionality, but they are not
required.

  ebtables
  ipset
  iptables
  polkit
  python3-capng (libcap-ng-python3)

Working With The Source Repository
----------------------------------
In addition to the runtime dependencies some others are needed to build from
source:

  desktop-file-utils: /usr/bin/desktop-file-install
  gettext
  intltool
  glib2: /usr/bin/glib-compile-schemas
  glib2-devel: /usr/share/aclocal/gsettings.m4
  systemd-units

To be able to create man pages and documentation from docbook files:

  docbook-style-xsl
  libxslt

Use the usual autoconf/automake incantation to generate makefiles

  ./autogen.sh
  ./configure

You can use a specific python interpreter by passing the PYTHON variable. This
is also used by the testsuite.

  ./configure PYTHON=/path/to/python3

Use

  make

to create the documentation and to update the po files.

Use

  make check

to run the testsuite. Tests are run inside network namespaces and do not
interfere with the host's running firewalld. They can also be run in parallel
by passing flags to autotest.

  make check TESTSUITEFLAGS="-j4"

The testsuite also uses keywords to allow running a subset of tests that
exercise a specific area.
For example:

  make check TESTSUITEFLAGS="-k rich -j4"
   24: rich rules audit                                ok
   25: rich rules priority                             ok
   26: rich rules bad                                  ok
   53: rich rules audit                                ok
   23: rich rules good                                 ok
   55: rich rules bad                                  ok
   74: remove forward-port after reload                ok

You can get a list of tests and keywords

  make -C src/tests check TESTSUITEFLAGS="-l"

Or just the keywords

  make -C src/tests check TESTSUITEFLAGS="-l" \
    |awk '/^[[:space:]]*[[:digit:]]+/{getline; print $0}' \
    |tr ' ' '\n' |sort |uniq

There are integration tests. Currently this includes NetworkManager. These may
be _destructive_ to the host. Run them in a disposable VM or container.

    make check-integration

There is also a check-container target that will run the testsuite inside
various podman/docker containers. This is useful for coverage of multiple
distributions. It also runs tests that may be destructive to the host such as
integration tests.

  make check-container TESTSUITEFLAGS="-j4"

OCI Container Image
-------------------
As part of the `dist` build target an OCI container image is generated. This is
distributed alongside the normal release tarball. It can be used to run
firewalld from a container. The containerized firewalld will _not_ integrate
with the host (e.g. podman, libvirt, NetworkManager).

To manually load the container image into your environment:
        
  # podman load -i .../path/to/firewalld-oci-<ver>.tar

To fetch the image from quay.io:

  # podman pull quay.io/firewalld/firewalld:<ver>

where <ver> is optional. latest will be used if omitted.
                  
To start the daemon/container:
                          
  # podman run -d --network host --privileged \
                  --name my-firewalld firewalld

Firewalld's configuration will live inside the container. Therefore
users may want to occasionally `podman commit` the image.

Using firewalld's CLI should be done via podman exec after the
daemon/container has been started:

  # podman exec my-firewalld firewall-cmd ...

### Container Integration with Host

The same container image can be used to integrate with the host's running
NetworkManager, podman, libvirt, etc. This requires the host to have a dbus
policy for firewalld.

A dbus policy can be obtained from the firewalld source code tree at location
`config/FirewallD.conf`.

  # cp config/FirewallD.conf /usr/share/dbus-1/system.d/FirewallD.conf

Once the dbus policy is in place the container could be started as such:

  # podman run -d -v /run/dbus/system_bus_socket:/run/dbus/system_bus_socket \
                  --network host --privileged \
                  --name my-firewalld firewalld \
                  firewalld --nofork --nopid

The only addition are: volume mount, explicit CMD.

The some approach can be use to store firewalld's configuration files on the
host.

  # podman run -d -v /run/dbus/system_bus_socket:/run/dbus/system_bus_socket \
                  -v /etc/firewalld:/etc/firewalld \
                  --network host --privileged \
                  --name my-firewalld firewalld \
                  firewalld --nofork --nopid

RPM package
-----------

For Fedora and RHEL based distributions, there is a spec file in the source
repo named firewalld.spec. This should be usable for Fedora versions >= 16 and
RHEL >= 7.


Links
-----
Homepage:          http://firewalld.org
Report a bug:      https://github.com/firewalld/firewalld/issues
Git repo browser:  https://github.com/firewalld/firewalld
Git repo:          https://github.com/firewalld/firewalld.git
Documentation:     http://firewalld.org/documentation/


Mailing lists
-------------
For usage:         https://lists.fedorahosted.org/archives/list/firewalld-users@lists.fedorahosted.org/
For development:   https://lists.fedorahosted.org/archives/list/firewalld-devel@lists.fedorahosted.org/


Directory Structure
-------------------
config/                 Configuration files
config/icmptypes/       Predefined ICMP types
config/services/        Predefined services
config/zones/           Predefined zones
config/ipsets/          Predefined ipsets
doc/                    Documentation
doc/man/                Base directory for man pages
doc/man/man1/           Man(1) pages
doc/man/man5/           Man(5) pages
po/                     Translations
shell-completion/       Base directory for auto completion scripts
src/                    Source tree
src/firewall/           Import tree for the sevice and all applications
src/icons/              Icons in the sizes: 16, 22, 24, 32, 48 and scalable
src/tests/              Testsuite

About

Firewall daemon with D-Bus interface

License:GNU General Public License v2.0


Languages

Language:Python 96.2%Language:Makefile 2.1%Language:Shell 1.0%Language:M4 0.6%Language:Dockerfile 0.1%